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Author Guidelines

As you start reading this Guidelines for Authors, we believe that you are willing to submit a manuscript for the upcoming issue of the Journal of Education and Research published by the School of Education, Kathmandu University. When submitting your manuscript, please consider that the audience of this Journal is international and range from academicians to professionals, researchers, teachers, students and others. JER publishes only the original research articles presenting theoretical/practical discussion of current relevance. All contributions are thoroughly reviewed by an Editorial Committee and blind reviewed by the experts in the field.

All manuscripts submitted to JER are strictly assumed that they are not submitted, partly or wholly anywhere else, nor are they currently being considered for publication or in process of publication elsewhere. It is also strictly assumed that the manuscripts are not already published fully or partly anywhere, in print or electronic media. Likewise, when authors submit their manuscripts, they declare that their manuscripts are their own writing and that there are no plagiarized texts in any form either from published or unpublished sources. The authors should fully honour others’ copyright.

It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure the accuracy of facts, information, or the content in their paper. Their paper should not contain any illegal, unauthorized, and unethical content. All the ideas, discussions, analyses, conclusions drawn in the paper are solely of the authors and thus they should take all the responsibilities of whatsoever is written in their papers and thus they will have nothing to do with the Publisher (the School of Education, Kathmandu University) and the members of the Editorial Team. The School of Education, Kathmandu University and the members of the Editorial Team bear no any responsibility for any ideas or facts or information presented in the paper.

When preparing your manuscript, please consider the following:

General Information

• The paper must be in English language and should consist of 5000 to 7000 words including abstracts, references, and notes. All papers should also include an abstract of about 200 words. Likewise, all papers should also have 5-6 keywords, placed immediately below the abstract. Properly linked and appropriately-sized diagrams, pictures, etc. may be included.

• Please give particular attention to making your language non-discriminatory in any way. Avoid sexist and racist terms and adhere to the basic ethical principle of no harm.

• In case copyrighted materials are to be reproduced, it is the responsibility of the authors to obtain permission to reproduce the copyrighted materials. Include the copyright permission letter while submitting such paper.

• By submitting manuscript to the Journal of Education and Research, the authors fully agree that the copyright of all published papers remain with the Journal.

• When the paper is published, all authors are entitled to getting one copy each free of charge. The authors should be clear that they will not get any payment on the publication of their paper. Neither does the Journal charge fee for publishing the paper.

• The paper should be sent online as a standard attached file in MS Word. Attached email file should be named with your family name and initials and the date (do not use period or blank space). The date is when you email the manuscript and should be in ddmmyy format (example: ParajuliMN240112).

• In case there are figures, charts, photos, paints, etc., submit them as separate files. Name these files the same as your manuscript file but add ‘attach1’, ‘attach2’, etc. (example: ParajuliMN240112attach1).

• Final decisions on acceptance of the manuscript will be communicated to the authors by email.

Page Layout and Design

• Manuscripts should be submitted in the following format:

1. Times New Roman, font size 12 (including titles and headings). Text aligned left.

2. Double spaced, margin of one-inch on all sides.

3. Indent paragraphs (half-inch).

4. Manuscript should be sent in two files: one with metadata (containing the title page and abstract page) and the other main paper (beginning with introduction, without title and author information).

5. The title page includes (in the order of): Running head, main title of the paper (centred, heading style capitalization), sub title (centred, heading style capitalization), and author information.

6. Running head: Using header feature of the MS-Word, on the first line of the title page (half inch below the paper margin) type: ‘Running head:’ and then give the shortened title of the paper in all capital form. The length of the running head should be within 50 character spacing. In all other subsequent pages, the words ‘Running head:’ should be removed and the shortened title should be given

7. Insert page number (flush right) in all pages.

8. Author information: Place author information on a new line below the title in the order of your name (first name, middle names, surname; on a new line – institution, town/city and country; and on a new line your email address (only if you would like it to appear in the publication.) If you give your email address here, give it without hyperlink (so it appears normal on the page with no underlining). No other details, please.

9. In case there are multiple authors, give information of the lead author first and subsequently of other authors.

10. Add* after the name of the corresponding author. Generally, lead authors are the corresponding authors but it may not be necessary.

11. Once the author information is completed, on a new line give your salutation (Ms/Mr; Dr, etc.) and your professional position. Give email address, postal address, and phone number of the corresponding author. This is a must as the journal will correspond with the corresponding author. Nevertheless, these details are not included in the publication.

12. At the end of the title page, type the date you email your paper.

13. The second page is the ‘Abstract’ page. Type Abstract (centred), and in the next line begin the abstract text (without indentation). The abstract should be of about 200 words.

14. The main content of the paper should be in a seperate file. This is the content file of your manuscript which should exclusively contain the main text of the paper (do not repeat the title), endnotes, acknowledgements (if any), references, and appendices (if any).

15. Tables should where possible be created simply using MS Word Table function. All tables must be numbered and set flush left. In a new line give the Title of the table (heading style capitalization). If necessary give Table notes immediately below the table. Table number, title, and notes should come in double space. However, contents within the tables are to be single spaced.

16. Illustrations and figures must be submitted as jpeg or pdf files clearly indicating where they are to be inserted. All illustrations must also be numbered and captioned.

17. For emphasis, please use italics, not bold or underline. Similarly, italics should also be used for non-English words, titles of books, plays, etc.

18. Use two spaces after the end of the sentence. After the full stop, after the question mark, and after the exclamatory sign. However, use only one space after comma, colon, semicolon, and after period with initials (e.g., M. N. Parajuli). Do not give any space in abbreviations (e.g., Ph.D., p.m., etc.)

19. Quotations less than 40 words are included within the paragraph enclosed by double quotes. Quotations more than 40 words are separated from the paragraph, indented and no need to use double quotation marks.

Type Fonts and Sizes

Please follow the followings when preparing your manuscript:

Paper Title Regular, centred, headline style capitalization Author Bold Author affiliation Italic Level 1 headings Centred, bold, headline style capitalization Level 2 headings Flush left, bold, headline style capitalization Level 3 headings Indented, bold, sentence style capitalization, a period Level 4 headings Indented, bold, italics, sentence style capitalization, a period Level 5 headings Indented, italics, sentence style capitalization, a period Body text 12 pt. regular Within figures font size could range from 8 to 12 pt. Numbered and bulleted points Indent numbers and bullets (half inch), turned over lines should be aligned with text of line above Use numbers or alphabets (e.g., 1. 2. Or a. b., etc) when presenting in order of importance, use bullets in otherwise case Tables 12 pt, column/row headings in bold Illustrations Font size can range from 8 to 12 pt.

In-text Citations

The simple practice of in-text citation follows the author/date format. To cite a specific part of a source, indicate the page, chapter, figure, table, or equation at the appropriate point in text. Always give page numbers for quotations. Example: Gnawali (2008) says, “In the teaching profession, the pedagogic knowledge and skills a trainee teacher gets at the training college are not sufficient for his life long career” (p. 219). When we paraphrase page number is not necessary. Example: It has also been noted that the knowledge and skills teachers acquire during their college days are not enough for their future career (Gnawali, 2008). The general rules of in-text citations are as follows:

1 author (Lawoti, 2005) (Lawoti, 2005, p. 25)

2 authors (Gautam & Basnet, 2004, pp. 24-48)

3/5 authors (Gautam, Basnet, Chaudhari, Tamang, & Tharu, 2003) Next cite: (Gautam et al., 2003)

6+ authors (Gurung et al., 2001)

Chapter (Lawoti, 2005, chap. 2)

No author (Shortened Title, 2000) when it refers to a book;

No author ("Shortened Title", 2000) when it refers to a paper or book chapter

Organization as author (Kathmandu University [KU], 2004) Next cite: (KU, 2004)

In Press (Subedi, in press)

Personal communication (These are not included in References) (S. Upretee, personal communication, July 4, 2012)

Multiple (Lawoti, 2005; Gurung, 2001; Tamang, 1990)

No date (Dhungana, n.d.)

Two authors with the same last name (Sharma, T. N., 1999) (Sharma, A., 2008)

Multiple works by the same author, same year (Luitel, 2010a) (Luitel, 2010b)

Multiple works by the same author, same citation (Luitel, 2010, 2012)

At the End of the Paper

References is the listing of all citations made in the text of the paper. At the end of your main text, in a new page, type ‘References’, centred, and list all citations in alphabetical order. No materials should be included in the list that are not cited in the text.

A book with a single author

Acharya, M. R. (2002). Nepal culture shift!: Reinventing culture in the Himalayan kingdom. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.

A book with two or more authors

Bongartz, H., & Dahal, D. R. (1996).Development studies: Self-help organizations, NGOs and civil society. Kathmandu: Nepal Foundation for Advanced Studies.

An edited book

Bhattachan, K. B., & Mishra, C. (Eds.). (1997).Developmental practices in Nepal.Kathmandu: Central Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Tribhuvan University.

A single chapter/paper in an edited book

Dahal, K. R., & Paudyal, B. R. (1998). Legal perspective of decentralization in Nepal. In G. B. Thapa (Ed.),Promoting participatory democracy in Nepal: An assessment of local self-government(pp. 43-57). Kathmandu: Political Science Association of Nepal.

Corporate author

Department of Education (DOE). (2004).School level educational statistics of Nepal: Flash report I 2004. Kathmandu: Author.

An article from a print journal or magazine

Koirala-Azad, S. (2008).Unravelling our realities: Nepali students as researchers and activists. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 28(3), 251-263. doi: 10.1080/02188790802270245

An article from an online source

Onta, P. (2000). Nepal education: Finding a ray of hope. Retrieved from http://www.epw.org.in/35-47/comm6.htm#top

A general reference to a website

ICC—The European Language Network—What is EUROLTA? http://www.icc-languages.eu/what_is_eurolta.php

An unpublished thesis/dissertation

Gnawali, L. (2001).Investigating teacher practices: A proposal for teacher development of the secondary school teachers of English in Nepal(Unpublished Master’s dissertation). University of Exeter, England.

Non-English book

Gautam, B., Adhikari, J., & Basnet, P. (Eds.). (2004).Nepalma garibiko bahas[Poverty debates in Nepal]. Kathmandu: Martin Chautari.

Translated book

Bourdieu, P., & Passeron, J. C. (1990).Reproduction in education, society and culture(2nd ed.) (R. Nice, Trans.). London: Sage Publications. (Original work published 1970)

In text: (Bourdieu & Passeron, 1970/1990).

Encyclopedia article

Bergman, P. G. (1993). Relativity. InThe new encyclopedia Britannica(Vol. 26, pp. 501- 508). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.

Multiple authors (up to seven)

Festinger, L., Cramer, C. J., Riecken, H., Boyd, E. C., Cohen, E. G., Gill, T. G., & Schachter, S. (1956).When prophecy fails.Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Eight or more authors

Roeder, K., Howard, J., Fulton, L., Lochhead, M., Craig, K., Peterson, R., ... Boyd, E. C. (1967).Nerve cells and insect behavior.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Magazine article

Sherchan, R., & Sherchan, B. (2002, 30 May-14 June). Gaun-gaunmai banna thalyo mineral water [Mineral water now is produced in villages].Himal, p. 21.

Newspaper Article

Prashrit, M. N. (2002, July 12). Bhanubhaktako sirjana ra rashtriya ekikaran [The creation of Bhanubhakta and national unification].Kantipur, p. 5.